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Therapie Aktiv


Diabetes under control - with Therapie Aktiv

 Therapie Activ is the care and therapy program for type 2 diabetics.

The Therapie Aktiv program exists in Austria since 2007.

It offers type 2 diabetics a well-structured, regular medical care.


The Benefits of Therapie Aktiv

  1. Optimal medical care
  2. More knowledge about the disease
  3. Individual care

As a result, the quality of life increases, the mortality rate decreases, the patients of Therapie Aktiv stay for a shorter time and less often in the hospital. 

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How to participate in Therapie Aktive!

If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you can join the program at Therapie Active at physicians in your neighbourhood. Participation is voluntary and free of charge and can be terminated at any time. All information in plain sight. 


Type 2 diabetes

There are about 800,000 people with type 2 diabetes in Austria.

This is a chronic metabolic disorder that results in high blood sugar levels.

In the past, this diabetes was also called "adult onset diabetes," as it mainly affects the people over 40.

However, it is also Increasingly affecting younger people - even children and adolescents.


Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

1. Overweight - 80% of Type 2 diabetics are overweight

  • Overweight increases the individual diabetes risk by five to ten times.

2. Genetic predisposition and heredity

  • Children of type 2 diabetics have a risk of 25% to 50%.
  • If both parents are diabetics, the risk increases to approximately 60%.
  • Daughters and granddaughters of those affected are at risk for gestational diabetes.

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Type 2 diabetes usually begins insidiously and often coexists with high blood pressure, abdominal obesity, high blood lipid levels or increased uric acid levels. Overweight, obesity and lack of physical activity favour the development. 

Also, medications can negatively affect blood sugar, such as systemically administered cortisone, diuretic or antihypertensive drugs, birth control pills or antidepressants. In addition, pregnancy, liver disease, infections, trauma, surgery and hormonal imbalances can promote the development of type 2 diabetes.

How can type 2 diabetes be diagnosed?

Possibilities of diagnosis:

  • The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is made by a blood test or
  • by determining the blood sugar long-term value HbA1c.

How is type 2 diabetes noticeable?

The most common symptoms:

    - Excessive thirst

    - Frequent urination

    - Dry skin

    - Sudden weight loss

Type 2 diabetes usually develops slowly. Years can go by from the onset of the illness to the time of diagnosis, as elevated blood glucose levels often do not cause ailments for a long time, although blood vessels and nerves have already been damaged.


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Important measures in the treatment of type 2 diabetes:

Integrate regular exercise into everyday life

    - Very good for the blood sugar level

    - Helps against increased blood pressure

    - Lowers elevated blood lipid levels

    - Reduces the risk of thrombosis

You should first discuss the extent and intensity of the exercise with your physician!


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Switch to a balanced diet

  • Do not eat above the daily energy requirement
  • Eat as low-fat and low-sugar as possible!
  • Drinking is very important – at best sugar free beverages!

Beware of "sugar traps" in smoothies and soft drinks!


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Safe on vacations with type 2 diabetes!

Travel only well prepared. Then nothing stands in the way of your holiday.

  • With the perfect checklist for the holidays
  • Diabetes medical alert card in the luggage together with emergency information in the national language
  • Medical certificate for syringes, pen and insulin in English

Here you will find all useful documents that can help diabetics and relatives.  >>more


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Use insulin correctly

  • Check the needle!
  • Which is the best site to inject insulin?
  • It works the fastest in the abdomen
  • in the thighs slower - ideal for basal insulin
  • In the upper arm - only by your physician

Very important: change injection site every time and observe closely the injection sites.

 

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Proper checking of blood sugar levels

  • Wash your hands
  • Massage your hands up to the fingertips
  • Pricking the side of fingertips - always change fingers for each testing
  • Put the test strip to the blood drop
  • Write down the test value
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Type 1 Diabetes

This form of diabetes is the classic "insulin-deficient diabetes".

It starts in childhood or adolescence, usually between 6 and 15 years of age.

Therefore, type 1 diabetes is also referred to as "adolescent diabetes".

But there are also forms of diabetes mellitus type 1, which occur in adults.


Causes of Type 1 Diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease in which the autoantibodies destroy the insulin-producing cells.

Signs of Type 1 Diabetes:

    - Unintentional weight loss and muscle weakness

    - Frequent urination

    - Excessive thirst

    - Low appetite

    - Dry skin and dry mouth

    - Fatigue

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Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes:

In general, diabetes can be checked by repeated testing of glucose levels in the blood or by the determination of HbA1c. Another possibility to diagnose diabetes is the glucose tolerance test, which provides accurate information about fasting blood sugar level and the values ​​between meals.


What is the best cure for Type 1 diabetes?

  • Insulin! From the beginning!
  • And always pay close attention to blood sugar levels

Gestational Diabetes

In general, every pregnant woman can develop gestational diabetes. 


The following factors increase the risk:

Being overweight before pregnancy or excessive weight gain during pregnancy. Type 2 diabetes in the family and age greater than 30 years. Hypertension and / or lipid metabolism disorder. Belonging to an ethnic group that is severely affected by diabetes (such as Asian origin). 

Mutter-Kind-Pass

As a part of the Mutter-Kind-Pass examinations,
a sugar stress test is planned for pregnancy weeks 24 to 28.
If there are risk factors, the test can be performed
at the beginning of pregnancy.


You can do that for your health:

  • Regular exercise
  • Prefer several smaller than a few large meals
  • Get timely medical advice

Gestational diabetes can be treated very well and usually disappears after the birth of the child.

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Quellen:

1. diabetes manual. Diabetes mellitus type 2, Disease Management Program, Steiermärkische Gebietskrankenkasse, page 30